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Biofeedback testing

Biofeedback Testing


Defination of Biofeedback?

it is a non-drug therapy in which patients learn to control usually involuntary bodily processes such as muscle tension, blood pressure, and heart rate. Biofeedback is mind-body testing therapy that may improve physical and mental health.

“Biofeedback therapy is a technique that guides people to manage pain, improve their health by regulating specific bodily processes that commonly occur involuntarily, such as blood pressure, muscle tension, heart rate, and skin temperature.”

Biofeedback defination

This helps make subtle changes in the body, such as relaxing specific muscles, to achieve the desired results, such as reducing pain. In essence, biofeedback testing gives people the ability to practice new ways to control their bodies, often improving their health condition or physical performance.

As it is non-invasive and does not involve drugs, there is a low risk of undesirable side effects. Biofeedback testing could make it suitable for those who wish to avoid medications or not use them during pregnancy. It is often combined with relaxation training.

How does it work?

During a biofeedback testing session, a practitioner uses monitoring equipment and instruments to measure the body’s functions. Based on feedback from the instruments, the practitioner suggests how a person can create physiologic changes. With education and practice, a person can learn to make those bodily changes without equipment.

How biofeedback work

For example, When a person was under stress, these functions change. His heart rate speeds up,  muscles tighten,   blood pressure rises, he starts to sweat, and breathing quickens. He can see these stress responses as they happen on the monitor and then get immediate feedback as he tries to stop them.

What happens during biofeedback testing?

During a biofeedback testing session, the medical provider places painless sensors on a person’s skin. The sensors measure physiological signals from the body, such as:

  • Sweat.
  • Heart rate.
  • Breathing.
  • Muscle activity.
  • Skin temperature.
  • Electrical brain activity, using neurofeedback.
  • Muscle movement and tension, using surface electromyography, or sEMG.
Biofeedback sensors

A nearby screen displays the results, which the medical practitioner will explain. Then the medical practitioner will suggest strategies to change how a person’s body is functioning. The practitioner may ask the person to:

  • Release your muscles: By concentrating on relaxing your muscles, you may be able to relieve pain.
  • Change your breathing patterns: Breathing patterns can help reduce anxiety.
  • Take a test: You can see how stress affects your body’s response by trying to solve a math problem or a riddle.
  • Alter how you sit, stand, or move: Changing your body position may help to relieve muscle tension.
  • Practice mindfulness and focus: Imagining different things can help you control your breathing and slow your heart rate.

As a person trying each suggestion, he can watch how it affects the results on the screen in real-time. With biofeedback testing practice, he can learn to create the same bodily changes without the feedback screen or the practitioner’s prompts.

Why it’s done

Biofeedback testing, also known as biofeedback training, is used to help manage a wide range of physical and mental health issues, including:

  • Asthma
  • Chronic pain
  • Constipation
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Headache
  • Anxiety or stress
  • Stroke
  • Chemotherapy side effects
  • Fecal incontinence
  • High blood pressure
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Raynaud’s disease
  • Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
  • Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Biofeedback testing appeals to people for a variety of reasons:

  • It’s non-invasive.
  • It might enhance the benefits of medications.
  • It helps people feel more in control of their health.
  • It might reduce or eliminate the need for medications.
  • It might help women who can’t take medication during pregnancy.

Types of Biofeedback

Medical therapists might use a variety of biofeedback testing methods depending on health problems and goals. Biofeedback testing types include:

types of biofeedback

  • Brain waves Biofeedback testing: An electroencephalograph is used to monitor brain waves using scalp sensors (EEG). It can be used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), epilepsy, and other seizure disorders.
  • Breathing Biofeedback testing: Bands are placed around the abdomen and chest during respiratory Biofeedback to monitor breathing patterns and respiration rate.
  • Heart rate Biofeedback testing: This type employs finger or earlobe sensors in conjunction with a device that detects changes in blood volume (photoplethysmograph). An electrocardiograph (ECG) is used by sensors placed on the chest, lower torso, or wrists to measure heart rate and how it varies.
  • Muscle contraction Biofeedback testing: In this type, sensors with an electromyography (EMG) are placed over skeletal muscles to monitor the electrical activity that causes muscle contraction. Muscle activity and tension are measured with this device. Back pain, headaches, anxiety disorders, muscle retraining after injury, and incontinence may all benefit from it.
  • Sweat gland activity Biofeedback testing: An electrodermograph (EDG) sensor attached around the fingers or on the palm or wrist measures sweat gland activity and the amount of perspiration on the skin, alerting to anxiety.
  • Temperature Biofeedback testing: Blood flow to the skin is measured using sensors attached to the fingers or feet. Because temperature drops when people are stressed, a low reading can prompt them to begin relaxation techniques. This device measures the temperature of the skin. It could be used to treat headaches and Raynaud’s disease.
  • Heart rate variability (HRA) Biofeedback testing: This measures the heart’s rate. It can help with anxiety, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and irregular heartbeats.
  • Pneumography Biofeedback testing: this measures abdominal/chest movement while breathing.
  • Capnometry Biofeedback testing: It measures the end-tidal carbon dioxide.
  • Hemoencephalography Biofeedback testing: compares the color of light reflected through the scalp to the amount of oxygenated and unoxygenated blood in the brain.
  • Photoplethysmography (PPG) Biofeedback testing: this measures peripheral blood flow, heart rate, and heart rate variability.

Our Biofeedback testing

How many sessions will I need?

Biofeedback sessions

Sessions typically last less than one hour.

For some conditions, patients experience relief in eight to 10 sessions. Improvements in other conditions, such as high blood pressure, may take up to 20 sessions.

Along with this Its session, the individual will complete mental and relaxation activities at home for 5 to 10 minutes per day.

Our Biofeedback testing

What are the risks and benefits of biofeedback sessions?

Its programs can help you feel more in control of health and wellness. This is non-invasive, and there are no side effects or potential complications.

With practice during and between sessions, one can learn how to make small changes to relieve stress, ease aches and pains, and improve performance.

Stress, ease, Biofeedback

Biofeedback testing is generally safe, but it might not be appropriate for everyone. People with certain medical conditions, such as heart rhythm problems or skin conditions, may not properly use biofeedback testing. Make sure you talk to your medical practitioner first. We use Resonance technology, Which is 100% safe for all people.

If Biofeedback testing is successful for a patient, it will help him control symptoms of his condition or reduce the amount of medication he takes. Eventually, he can practice the techniques he learns on his own. Don’t stop the medical treatment for a condition, however, without consulting the care team.

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How often should I get biofeedback Testing?

For this to work, a person must attend multiple sessions. He will need to participate actively and practice between appointments in biofeedback testing.

The number of sessions varies widely, depending on the:

  • The condition he is trying to manage.
  • The severity of his symptoms.
  • Response of his body.
  • Amount his practice between sessions.
Time for biofeedback testing

Different Types of Biofeedback Sessions

It is a “treatment technique in which people are trained to improve their health by using signals from their own bodies.” This Therapy is a mind-body technique that involves using visual or auditory feedback to teach people to recognize the physical signs and symptoms of stress and anxiety, such as increased heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and muscle tension. It is a non-drug treatment in which patients learn to control normally involuntary bodily processes such as muscle tension, blood pressure, or heart rate.

This therapy is a voice recognition based and instrument-based learning process that is based on “operant conditioning” techniques. The basic principle is that any action, whether it’s a complex maneuver like eating or a basic task like muscle contraction, is more likely to be repeated and perfected when it’s reinforced.

This technique involves using visual, physical, and/or auditory feedback to guide the patient to give their optimal performance. The final goal is for the patient to become familiar with his own body signs and to be able to manage them consciously, first with its equipment and then without.

Different Types of Biofeedback Testing

Biofeedback Testing types

Different types of Biofeedback are used to control various body functions; some are mentioned Below

Electromyogram (EMG) Biofeedback Testing.

Electromyogram (EMG) Biofeedback Testing

 It measures muscle activity and tension. It includes placing sensors with electromyography (EMG) to monitor the electrical activity on your skeletal muscle, which causes muscle contraction. It may be used for headaches, back pain, anxiety disorders, incontinence, and muscle retraining after injury.

  • Thermal Biofeedback Testing  It measures the temperature of the skin. Sensors attached to your feet or fingers measure blood flow to your skin. Because your temperature often drops when you are under pressure/stress, a low reading can prompt you to begin relaxation techniques. It can be used for headaches and Raynaud’s disease.
Thermal Biofeedback Testing
  • Neurofeedback or electroencephalography (EEG) Boifeedback testing. This type measures brain waves. It uses a scalp sensor to monitor brain waves using an electroencephalograph (EEG). It can be used for epilepsy, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and other seizure disorders.
  • Electrodermal activity (EDA) Biofeedback Testing. This type measures sweating and can be used for anxiety and pain. An electrocardiograph (EDG) sensor attached to fingers, palm, or wrist measures the activity of sweat glands and the amount of sweat on the skin, alerting to discomfort.
  • Heart rate variability (HRV) Biofeedback Testing.

Heart rate variability (HRV) Biofeedback Testing.
  •  This type measures heart rate. It uses earlobe sensors or a finger with a device used to detect changes in blood volume (photoplethysmograph). Or sensors placed on your wrists, chest, or lower torso use an electrocardiograph (ECG) to measure your heart rate and how your heart rate varies. It can be used for asthma, anxiety, irregular heartbeat, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
  • Breathing Biofeedback Testing. Bands are placed around your chest and abdomen to monitor your respiration rate and breathing patterns during respiratory Biofeedback.
  • Resonance Biofeedback testing with frequencies: Through the analysis of your voice and image, specific harmonizing frequencies of sound are generated to balance out the stress disturbances within your body.
Resonance Biofeedback testing with frequencies

Each therapy testing lasts approximately 60-90 minutes. Generally, you can begin seeing its benefits within ten sessions or less. Some situations, such as improving high blood pressure, can take longer sessions.

Biofeedback uses include:

It is also used to help manage many physical and mental health issues, including:

  • Stroke
  • Injury
  • Asthma
  • Epilepsy
  • Headache
  • Constipation
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Anxiety or stress
  • Raynaud’s disease
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • High blood pressure
  • Chronic pain
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
  • Chemotherapy side effects
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ)
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Our Biofeedback testing

Why Biofeedback appeals to people for a variety of reasons:

  • It’s non-invasive.
  • It helps people to control their health more.
  • It can increase the benefits of the medicine.
  • It can eliminate or reduce the need for medications.
  • It can help women who cannot take medication during pregnancy.


It is commonly safe; however, it may not be appropriate for everyone. Biofeedback testing may not work correctly on people with certain medical conditions, such as certain skin conditions or heart rhythm problems. Be sure to talk to your doctor about this first. But We use Resonance Biofeedback Technology for Biofeedback testing, which is 100% safe.

Our Biofeedback testing

We Use Resonance Biofeedback Technology

Resonance biofeedback technology enables users to be aware of their internal health status by displaying their physiological signals and facilitating self-regulation and behavioral change.

During resonance biofeedback, you’re able to get data about your body. That feedback helps you make subtle changes in your body, such as relaxing specific muscles, to achieve the results you want, such as reducing pain. In short, its gives you the ability to practice new ways to control your body, often improving your health or physical performance.

Resonance Biofeedback technique can help you gain more control over the ordinarily involuntary functions like heart rate, skin temperature, and blood pressure. This Therapy is used to treat conditions or help prevent, including high blood pressure, chronic pain, migraine headaches, and incontinence.

The idea behind Biofeedback testing is that by being aware of what’s going on inside your body, you can gain more control over your health.

Researchers know that this promotes relaxation, which can help relieve several conditions related to stress.

When you are under pressure/stress, these functions change. Your heart beats faster, your muscles tighten, your blood pressure rises, you start sweating, and your breathing becomes faster. You can see these stress reactions as soon as they are on the monitor and get immediate feedback when you try to stop them.

Through your analysis, depending on which biofeedback method your specialist uses, you will be able to harmonize your stress reactions and respond better to such situations.

            Biofeedback Therapy for Headaches

Biofeedback Therapy for Headaches

The traditional medical treatment of migraine and tension-type headaches is an ongoing effort and challenge for the physician. Pharmacologic Therapy does not cure many common problems and instead provides temporary relief. Biofeedback treatment, whether used alone or in combination with cognitive-behavioral therapy, has long-term positive effects. The technique is non-invasive, easy to use, and effective. Also, the migraine or tension headache sufferer gains a sense of self-control and mastery in the short and long term. The best outcomes are obtained via long-term use of its techniques.


Biofeedback teaches how to regulate physiological processes that are usually unconscious. Biofeedback testing lets you know how to detect when your body is tense. You will discover how your body reacts to stressful circumstances and how to calm it down. Sensors are attached to your body during Biofeedback. They measure your involuntary bodily reactions to headaches, such as increases in:

  • Breathing rate
  • Pulse.
  • Heart rate.
  • Temperature.
  • Muscle tension.
  • Brain activity.


Headaches are a very common problem that almost everyone will experience at some point in their life. The most usual symptom of a headache is discomfort in the head or face. This sensation may be throbbing, continuous, intense, or dull.

One of the most usual types of pain in the world is a headache. Up to 75% of people worldwide have experienced a headache in the previous year.

(Biofeedback test)

What causes headaches?

The pain of a headache is caused by signals interacting between the brain, blood vessels, and surrounding nerves. An unknown mechanism activates particular nerves that influence muscles and blood vessels during a headache. These nerves are accountable for transmitting pain signals to the brain.

A severe headache may seem inescapable. So, all too often, we turn to over-the-counter prescription medications for relief, a short cure for a condition that typically has a deeper, persistent cause.

However, a mind-body technique, it, may be used as a natural therapy for tension and migraine headaches. You may teach your body to cure itself using innovative technology and science.

(Biofeedback test)

What causes a tension headache?

Tension headaches are produced by muscles in the head and neck, and especially the jaw-maintained tense for an extended period. Muscle pain patients are often unable to recognize how tight their muscles are. As a consequence, muscles are kept tense for long periods of time than they need to be. Keeping muscles 5% tighter than necessary for less than a half-hour longer than necessary produces pain that may persist all day.

The following symptoms characterize tension headaches:

  • Mild to moderate.
  • Consistent but not throbbing
  • Responsive to over-the-counter Therapy.
  • On either side of the head (bilateral)
  • Worse while engaging in regular activities (such as bending over or walking upstairs).

How does Biofeedback help tension headaches?

Biofeedback testing measures the tension in the muscles that causes pain and lets it know to the patient. The patient learns to associate the same tension levels with muscular sensations, allowing muscles to remain relaxed.

Most individuals learn to identify their levels of tension and to maintain them automatically. Tension headaches are eliminated or reduced in severity, intensity, and frequency for those who effectively learn and use this technique.

What causes a migraine headache?

Migraine headaches typically start in adolescence or early adulthood, and there is no apparent cause. They may start suddenly or gradually, and they can be linked to sexual maturity or not.

Symptoms of migraines include:

  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Moderate to severe pain.
  • Pounding or throbbing pain.
  • Sensitivity to light, noise, or odors
  • Pain that may last from around four hours to three days.
  • Stomach upset or abdominal pain.

Migraine headaches of this kind may be successfully avoided using behavioral techniques such as Biofeedback. Migraine-like headaches induced by trauma, such as a car accident, or headaches that occur in clusters are generally untreatable with behavioral treatments.

How does Biofeedback help migraine headaches?

Biofeedback help migraine headaches

Near surface blood flow to the fingers and toes (and often the noses) is much lower in migraine patients than in non-migraine patients. Because the heat emanating from the fingers and toes is produced by near-surface blood flow, these people have comparatively cold extremities. Biofeedback testing can precisely record and display the temperature of the fingers (or any other body part) so that patients may learn to identify and regulate finger temperature and keep it at normal levels.

Migraine headaches are not as frequent or severe for those who can learn this skill and maintain appropriate fingertip temperatures. Many people can eliminate their headaches completely. Most people find that their migraine medication needs are significantly reduced or eliminated.

Evidence supports biofeedback effectiveness

The evidence for the efficacy of Biofeedback (which is often used in combination with other methods like progressive muscle relaxation training) in the treatment of tension and non-traumatic migraine headaches is very strong.

It is extremely helpful for tension and migraine headaches, according to many controlled studies with large numbers of patients and long follow-ups (up to 10 years). Biofeedback-based behavioral treatments may decrease headache frequency, severity, and duration by an average of approximately 80% in individuals who suffer from tension and migraine headaches that are not caused by trauma.

“The essential thing a person with migraines can learn to do is improve their circulation,” says Dr. Buse, “and that’s what we assess with finger temperature [during biofeedback].”

Are you still not convinced? Put it into practice! Close your eyes and imagine yourself relaxing on a warm beach. Feel the sun on your skin’s surface and listen to the ocean waves crashing. Do you get a sense of the sand’s warmth and the sun’s rays on your fingertips? During a  treatment session, you’ll be connected to a monitor that records your temperature and other vital signs.  Your objective would be to keep your body temperature within a specific range. This would, in theory, improve blood circulation, promote relaxation, and prevent migraines.

Many studies have shown that people who practice that therapy have fewer migraines and tension headaches, use fewer medications, have fewer side effects, and have less despair and anxiety.

                                  Biofeedback for Pain

How Does Biofeedback Therapy Work?

During a biofeedback program, a practitioner uses monitoring equipment and instruments to measure the body’s functions. The device monitors breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, skin temperature, sweat, and other bodily processes. Based on feedback from the equipment, the practitioner advises how to create physiologic changes. With education and practice, people can learn to make those bodily changes without equipment.

The monitor allows observing how heart rate and blood pressure fluctuate due to stress or relaxation. You’ll need the monitor to track progress at first, but you’ll ultimately be able to accomplish success without using a monitor or electrodes.

It is a valuable treatment for various ailments, although it is most often used to treat high blood pressure, tension headaches, migraine headaches, chronic pain, and urine incontinence.

Biofeedback for Pain

 The research was formed in 2002 (Moss and Gunkelman 2002, LaVaque et al. 2002) to rate the effectiveness of Biofeedback for various illnesses. Biofeedback testing has been shown to help with a variety of chronic pain problems, including:

  • Migraines
  • Tension 
  • Headaches
  • Back pain
  • Neck pain
  • Temporomandibular joint pain
  • Also used for non-cardiac chest pain
  • Arthritic conditions
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Raynaud’s disease
  • And other chronic pain conditions.

There is evidence that it may assist with associated issues such as insomnia and anxiety, although it often achieves similar results to cognitive-behavioral treatment for these disorders. As a result, it is often combined with other treatments like physical therapy or cognitive-behavioral treatment and mindfulness and meditation.

Types of Biofeedback used for pain

There are two main types:

Both have been proven to be beneficial in the treatment of a wide variety of pain problems.

1.Peripheral Biofeedback

Peripheral it comprises measuring a person’s muscular tension using electromyography (EMG), hand temperature (blood flow), heart rate, breathing rate, and skin moisture (clinically known as galvanic skin response or GSR), all of which are related to stress levels. By combining relaxing methods with the information provided, a person may acquire voluntary control over these measures.

These measures may be targeted individually or together. EMG biofeedback may also educate individuals on how to utilize their muscles more efficiently or regulate muscle function.

Treatment for peripheral Biofeedback is often finished in 10 sessions or less.

2. Neurofeedback

 Neurofeedback, also known as Neurotherapy, is a kind of Biofeedback that uses electroencephalogram (EEG) or brainwave biofeedback to monitor the brain’s electrical activity. This process is complicated since it requires unconscious learning, which may be accomplished by rewarding the brain with auditory and visual feedback for changing its electrical activity in the desired direction.

Neurofeedback therapy usually requires 20 to 60 sessions and is utilized for individuals with more complicated pain problems or who do not respond to peripheral Biofeedback.

How does Biofeedback help in pain relief?

The therapist can treat muscular tension, which has a direct impact on pain, using that therapy. It may help reduce the discomfort of low back pain, abdominal pain, temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ), and fibromyalgia by helping detect tight muscles and then learn to relax those muscles. IT can help individuals of all ages, from children to the elderly, with pain alleviation.

For example, in Temporomandibular (TMJ) joint pain, It helps people be conscious of their jaw clenching (Crider, 2005).

One of the most well-studied biofeedback applications is headache relief. Muscle tension and stress may both cause migraines and other kinds of headaches and exacerbate headache symptoms. There is strong evidence that biofeedback treatment may help relax muscles and relieve stress, thus reducing the severity and frequency of headaches. When coupled with medication, Biofeedback seems to be particularly helpful for headaches. With tension headaches, a therapist may teach a person to be more conscious of the tension in their head, neck, shoulders, and back and how to relax their muscles. 

Temperature biofeedback may also be beneficial in the case of migraine headaches. When therapists educate a person to warm their extremities, vasodilation can occur, preventing one of the triggers for the complex sequence of events involved in migraine pain (Nestoriuc, 2007).

In other instances, biofeedback methods are justified by the link between pain perception and stress reactions. In the case of fibromyalgia and other associated illnesses, for example, It may offer essential skills in learning to “self-regulate” or react to stresses in a manner that does not put the body into “fight or flight” mode (Adams, 2015, Busch 2012). Those who suffer from chronic pain may establish a better balance among sympathetic or “fight or flight,” mode moreover parasympathetic, or “rest and digest” mode by learning to self-regulate, overcoming the intensity of pain.

It has also been found to be highly beneficial in treating mood-related symptoms associated with chronic pain, such as anxiety and depression, as well as coping abilities. It may be an empowering and powerful technique in combating chronic pain, mainly when utilized in an Integrative Biofeedback setting.

There is much evidence that Biofeedback may help with persistent back, neck, and shoulder discomfort. It may even add in the relief of some of the most severe and perplexing types of pain. 

A little research published in Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback in 2005 discovered that it might decrease phantom limb discomfort, which is challenging to treat following an amputation. 

According to an American Cancer Society study from 2005, Biofeedback may relieve pain and enhance the quality of life for certain cancer patients.

Biofeedback does not work for every kind of pain. The treatment is not advised for acute, severe lower back pain or other pains produced by minor injuries.

Biofeedback may help people who are in pain regain control of their bodies. Learning to manage one’s physical processes can offer a fresh feeling of confidence and empowerment in the face of physical condition. This, in turn, promotes a more positive outlook of pain, thus actively lowering pain levels.

This research on the efficacy of Biofeedback in the treatment of pain discovered that biofeedback “proven to be helpful in decreasing depression, disability, muscular tension reduction, and improved cognitive coping.”

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